The role of ethical hackers is to safeguard the data and to prevent any threats from compromising the IT system of a company. Their main goal is to outsmart cybercriminals and anticipate their schemes at least 2 steps ahead. And they do this systematically by following the phases of authorized hacking.
Learn more as we are going to discuss the 5 phases of ethical hacking in today’s tech guide.
It’s A Necessary Process
The purpose of the following the different stages or phases of hacking is to exploit vulnerabilities that might compromise the security protocols and gain access to the system’s resources of a company or organization. Through black hat hacking, the system’s application and other features are modified to corrupt, pilfer, and expose sensitive data which might lead to loss of revenue and possible bankruptcy.
In contrast, white hat hackers who practice these phases of defensive-oriented hacking intend to identify the system’s vulnerabilities and make the necessary countermeasures before it’s too late.
And so with no further ado, we give you the 5 phases of ethical hacking that white hackers use to test the IT/network system of an organization.
Also called the “preparatory phase”, this is the stage where an ethical hacker will gather valuable information about the type of threat he is dealing with before proceeding to the next steps. Reconnaissance involves the following process:
Dumpster driving or finding of old passwords, determining the names of key employees, and finding how the company functions.
Footprinting or collecting data about the current security protocol, finding out IP addresses, mapping to know how the network infrastructure works to discover loopholes, and other identifying areas that can be compromised by black hat hackers.
Mirroring or the use of search engines to look for information about the organization and other public information of employees that can be impersonated by cybercriminals.
In this phase, the white hat hacker will undergo a series of scanning (pre-attack, port sniffing, and information extraction) to discover any weaknesses in the network at its security system.
The ethical hacker will now access the system along with its network and applications. Basically, the company will now provide them with user privileges so they can take control of the system for further evaluation.
During this stage, the ethical hacker is provided with additional user privileges so they can access the system’s rootkits and Trojans. In short, they are authorized to launch an attack by the company to test the system and expose any unknown vulnerabilities.
And the last stage of the 5 phases of ethical hacking is all about covering digital tracks after accessing the system so the security personnel won’t be able to detect them. And this is done by clearing the cache & cookies, deleting the log files, and closing all the ports that they’ve used to gain access.
This is the most important step because it clears the system of any information that black hat hackers can use to launch an attack.
Want to level up your ethical hacking skills? You can try enrolling at EvolveSecurity’s cybersecurity bootcamp today. Visit their website to learn more about their training services.